Skip to content

Understanding Windgalls In Horses - What Are They & Should You Be Concerned?

Understanding Windgalls In Horses - What Are They & Should You Be Concerned?

You've likely seen windgalls in horses, those swollen areas around the fetlock joint. But do you understand what they're all about? Whether it's tendinous or articular, this condition can be a serious concern.

You'll want to recognize the symptoms and know when it's time to call your vet, if at all.  Let's explore diagnosis, treatment options, and preventive measures so you're prepared to handle windgalls effectively.

Key Takeaways

  • Windgalls can be classified into tendinous and articular types, with tendinous windgalls caused by inflammation of the digital flexor tendon sheath and articular windgalls associated with an enlarged fetlock joint and lameness.

  • Differentiating between tendinous and articular windgalls is crucial for appropriate treatment.

  • Tendinous windgalls are soft and symmetrical swellings that do not cause pain or lameness, while articular windgalls are associated with degenerative joint disease or traumatic conditions and present with symptoms such as enlarged fetlock joint, lameness, and swelling.

  • Heavy workloads, poor conformation, hoof imbalance, and working on tough surfaces are common contributing factors to the development of windgalls in horses.


cryochaps to aid in windgalls

The us of wraps such as Cryochaps can aid in windgall treatment.


Understanding Windgalls: A Brief Overview

Let's get a brief overview of windgalls, which are swellings around the fetlock joint in horses that can be classified into tendinous and articular types.

Tendinous windgalls occur due to inflammation within the digital flexor tendon sheath, resulting in soft, symmetrical swellings. You'll often find these in horses undergoing strenuous exercise. They're typically not painful nor cause lameness but should still be monitored regularly for your horse's comfort.

In contrast, articular windgalls involve an enlarged fetlock joint often accompanied by lameness. It's common in stocky horses with upright confirmation and could indicate degenerative joint disease or traumatic conditions around the cannon bone. This type is caused by an accumulation of synovial fluid within the joint capsule and requires prompt veterinary attention for appropriate treatment.

Distinguishing Between Tendinous and Articular Windgalls

It's crucial to differentiate between tendinous and articular types as their causes, symptoms, and treatments vary significantly. Tendinous windgalls result from inflammation of the tendon sheath, leading to a soft swelling that doesn't usually cause pain or lameness. Conversely, articular windgalls are associated with an enlarged fetlock joint capsule and might cause lameness.


Tendinous Windgalls Articular Windgalls
Cause Inflammation of the tendon sheath Enlarged fetlock joint capsule
Symptoms Soft swelling; No pain or lameness typically Swelling and possible lameness
Treatment Often don't require specific treatment; Regular exercise recommended Veterinary consultation necessary


Increased synovial fluid production contributes to both types. Therefore, understanding these differences can help you manage your horse's condition effectively.


an image of tendinous windgalls on horses

Tendinous windgalls

Recognizing the Symptoms of Windgalls

You'll want to keep an eye out for bulging around the tendons and symmetrical puffiness, as these are common symptoms of this condition. Recognizing the symptoms of windgalls early on is crucial in ensuring optimal health for your horse.

  • Early signs can be subtle:

  • Soft swellings near the horse's leg, particularly around the fetlock joint.

  • Symmetrical swellings appearing on both legs simultaneously.

Remember, these swellings are generally painless and don't usually cause lameness. However, if you notice heat or discomfort in your horse's leg alongside these symptoms, it could signify a more severe case requiring immediate veterinary attention.



Role of Veterinarian in Diagnosing Windgalls

Should your equine friend display any unusual symptoms, a veterinarian's expertise is crucial in accurately diagnosing the condition and recommending appropriate treatment. The vet will examine the horse's fetlock joints for signs of excess fluid or inflammation, hallmarks of windgalls.

An accurate diagnosis often requires imaging techniques such as X-rays or ultrasound to visualize the internal structures of the joint. Once an accurate diagnosis has been made, your vet may prescribe anti-inflammatory medications to reduce swelling and pain.

Here's a brief overview:


Symptom Possible Condition
Swelling around fetlock joints Windgalls
Excess fluid in joints Joint disease or injury
Lameness Severe windgalls or other musculoskeletal disorder


Treatment Approaches for Windgalls

Treating these swellings effectively often involves a multifaceted approach that includes pain management, inflammation reduction, and ongoing care to prevent recurrence. As part of your horse's treatment plan, consider the following:

  • Medical Treatment: Early treatment can significantly improve prognosis. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be used for inflammation reduction and pain relief.

  • Corticosteroid injections: Administered directly into the affected joint to reduce swelling and pain.

  • Hyaluronic acid: Useful in improving joint health by lubricating and reducing friction.

  • Preventive Measures: Prevention is as vital as treating existing windgalls.

  • Regular exercise: Helps maintain healthy weight, reduces stress on joints.

  • Proper nutrition: Ensures adequate supply of nutrients necessary for maintaining joint health.



HA for horses

EAC HA for Horses - Treating Windgalls

The Importance of Prevention and Management of Windgalls

It's important to note that prevention and management of these swellings can significantly reduce the chances of them developing in your equine friend. By incorporating controlled exercise into their routine, you're promoting strength and flexibility in their hind legs which is key to preventing windgalls.

Regular monitoring of the horse's joint capsule plays a vital role in early detection, allowing for prompt management if signs of swelling occur. In addition, maintaining proper hoof balance through regular farrier visits can prevent undue stress on the joints.

Lastly, providing adequate rest periods between strenuous activities gives time for any inflammation to subside. Remember, prevention and management of windgalls not only ensures comfort but also contributes to your horse's overall health and performance capability.

Factors Contributing to the Development of Windgalls

You're likely aware that several factors can contribute to the development of these swellings in your equine friend, including strenuous exercise, poor conformation, and hoof imbalance.

  • Strenuous Exercise Workouts involving repetitive high-impact activities often cause horses' legs to develop windgalls. Prolonged or intense sessions may strain the digital tendon sheath, leading to inflammation and swelling.

  • Poor Conformation & Hoof Imbalance Horses with poor conformation are more prone to developing windgalls due to increased leg stress. Poor hoof balance may cause uneven weight distribution on the horse's legs, leading to increased risk of developing these swellings.

Early detection and appropriate management can significantly minimize complications associated with windgalls. Regular monitoring ensures timely interventions for any signs of abnormalities in your horse's leg health.

Assessing the Risk Groups for Windgalls

When assessing risk groups for these swellings, you'll find that foals, older equines, and those regularly working on tough surfaces are at a higher susceptibility.

As horse owners, it's crucial to understand that windgalls developing can result from numerous factors. Regularly monitor your horse's activity level and alter as necessary to prevent undue stress on their joints.

Notably, an articular windgall is commonly associated with degenerative joint disease which tends to affect older horses more frequently.

Understanding the various risk groups aids in taking preventative measures and early detection of any signs of windgalls. Remember though, regardless of age or workload, all horses can be susceptible to these conditions. Therefore, thorough check-ups by a professional should remain a constant part of your equine care routine.

The Role of Regular Monitoring in Windgalls Management

Regular check-ups play a crucial role in managing your equine's health, especially in spotting early signs of joint swelling and lameness. Regular monitoring enables you to catch windgalls in the early stages, particularly in apparently normal horses leading an active life.

  • Pay attention to flexor tendons as they're often affected by windgalls.

  • Use palpation techniques for detection.

  • Note any changes like heat or swelling.

  • Observe your horse's gait carefully:

  • Watch out for any signs of discomfort or irregularity in movement.

  • Lameness may not be apparent initially but could manifest later on.

Remember, your vigilance can ensure that issues are addressed promptly, potentially saving your horse from pain and even irreversible damage.

A proactive approach is always beneficial when it comes to maintaining your horse's health.

Exploring the Relationship Between Windgalls and Horse Conformation

Having understood the importance of regular monitoring in managing windgalls, let's delve deeper into the relationship between horse conformation and susceptibility to this condition.

Horses with poor conformation are predisposed to developing windgalls. This is particularly related to the structure of the lower limb, especially where it involves the deep digital flexor tendon and superficial digital flexor tendon. These two tendons glide within a sheath that is held close to the horse's body by an annular ligament.

Any irregularity or strain on these structures due to faulty conformation can lead to inflammation, resulting in a windgall formation. Therefore, understanding your horse's unique physical makeup helps you anticipate potential issues and tailor a preventive care plan accordingly.

The Impact of Workload and Exercise on Windgalls Development

You've got to understand, the intensity and type of workload your equine friend is exposed to can dramatically impact the development of those pesky swellings around their fetlock joints.

  • Workload and Exercise:

  • High-intensity exercise or heavy workloads can cause acute injury leading to windgalls.

  • Regular, moderate exercise promotes healthy blood circulation reducing the risk.

  • Treatment for Windgalls:

  • Cold therapy is highly effective in alleviating pain and inflammation from an acute injury.

  • Anti-inflammatory medications are often prescribed by vets to reduce swelling.

Insights Into the Recovery Process From Windgalls

It's crucial to grasp that the recovery process from these leg swellings can vary depending on the severity and type of the issue. If you notice windgalls in your horse, it's essential to consult a professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.

Treatment may involve cold hosing to reduce swelling or inflammation, box rest to allow healing, or even keyhole surgery in more severe cases. The use of stem cells is becoming increasingly common as these can be injected into the affected area to promote regeneration of the synovial membrane. This advanced technique has shown promising results in horses with chronic or recurrent windgalls.

Despite this, remember that every horse's condition is unique and requires tailored care for optimal recovery.

The Importance of Early Detection and Intervention in Windgalls

Catching these leg swellings early in your equine friends can make a significant difference in their recovery and overall wellbeing. Regular check-ups are crucial, specifically for middle-aged horses and older horses, as they're more susceptible to windgalls.

Identifying the symptoms:

  • Swelling around the digital sheath

  • Changes in gait

Appropriate treatment options:

  • Hyaluronic acid injections

  • Amending hoof imbalance

Early detection not only ensures effective treatment but also prevents unnecessary discomfort or potential lameness. By promptly addressing changes with professionals, you'll be providing the best care possible for your horse.

Prognosis and Recurrence of Windgalls in Horses

Despite proper treatment, there's a chance your equine companion might experience a recurrence of these leg swellings, particularly if underlying conformational issues or an excessive workload persist. Many horses are predisposed to windgalls due to genetic factors or unhealthy joints.

To minimize the risk, consider pre-purchase examinations for early detection and invest in suitable leg protection gear to safeguard against injury on hard surfaces. Regular checks and prompt veterinary attention at the first sign of swelling can effectively manage this condition.


Factors Prevention Management
Hard Surfaces Use softer ground when possible Apply cooling therapies post-workout
Overwork Maintain balanced exercise regime Ensure sufficient rest periods
Poor Conformation Corrective shoeing Periodic vet reviews

Frequently Asked Questions

Are Certain Breeds of Horses More Prone to Developing Windgalls Than Others?

Yes, certain breeds are more susceptible to windgalls. Stocky horses with upright conformation often develop them. Also, horses doing strenuous exercises or working on hard surfaces tend to get windgalls more frequently.

What Kind of Diet Should a Horse With Windgalls Be Maintained On?

You should maintain your horse's diet balanced, with high-quality forage and adequate protein. Limiting starches helps manage weight, reducing strain on joints. Supplements for joint health can also be beneficial. Always consult a vet for advice.

How Does Weather or Climate Impact the Development and Management of Windgalls in Horses?

Cold, damp climates can worsen windgalls in horses as it may increase joint stiffness. You should manage this by ensuring your horse has adequate shelter and warmth during colder months to alleviate discomfort.

Can Windgalls Be Completely Prevented With the Right Care and Management?

While you can't completely prevent windgalls, proper care and management can reduce their occurrence. Regular exercise, balanced hoof care, and monitoring your horse's legs after strenuous activity are crucial preventive measures.

Are There Any Known Genetic Factors That Increase a Horse's Likelihood of Developing Windgalls?

Yes, there's a possibility that genetics might play a role in your horse developing windgalls. Certain breeds or individuals with specific conformation traits may be more prone to these swellings, but research is ongoing.


In managing windgalls in horses, early detection and intervention are key. Regular check-ups, proper exercise plans, and hoof care can mitigate the risk.

Should your horse develop windgalls, consult a vet promptly for accurate diagnosis and treatment. Recovery is generally good, but be aware of potential recurrence, especially in overworked horses or those with conformation issues.

Remember, preventing windgalls is always easier than treating them.

Other News

measuring a horse
Measuring Your Horse Or Pony Correctly

Measuring a horse or pony accurately is a fundamental skill...

a horse with a bridle on
Horse Bridle Size Guide - How To Measure & Choose Correctly

Choosing the correct size bridle for your horse is important...

a review of the Ariat Devon Nitro Boot Review
A Review Of The Ariat Devon Boots For Riders

The Ariat Devon Nitro Paddock Boots offer a harmonious...

Something went wrong, please contact us!
// sahil theme app extension